What are the joint diaseses?
The diseases classified under the title of joint diseases caused by worn out or disappear off the joint with the ageing or due to an underlying disease without any trauma.
Therefore, rheumatic diseases and arthritis are the most common types of joint diseases.
What is the reason of joint diaseses?
Cartilage is smooth and shiny at a young age and function the load-bearing job properly. Over time, small scratches, cracks, in other words; wrinkles occur. The ageing process of cartilage is proprietary for every human, the critical issue here is what we do to protect from this situation and how we overcome after problems start.
Healthy bones are possible with healthy cartilage structure.Eating healthily, avoiding excess weight, and living away from activities that cause joint injury will slow down this process. Women are under higher risk, especially after menopause hormone changes predisposes poor bone quality. Therefore arthritis is more common in women.
What are the signals of joint diaseses?
The first signal of artlolith is noticed by the patient is pain, it usually occurs with movement felt on the inside of the joint.The weight-bearing capacity of the knee joint decreases, so walking distance begins to decrease, especially when going up and downstairs, the pain increases concretely.Limitation of movement starts, the patient can not bend or he/she can’t fully open the knees.Knees sound during movement. In time, the deformity of the knees also becomes prominent, joint start to swelling as well. Legs may curve sideways, similar to the letter “O” which should be straight when viewed from the front, due to these changes in the joint.
What kind of treatment methods are used for treating joint diases?
It is not possible to treat all stages of arthritis with a single treatment method. That's why generalizing slogans should be avoided.In other words, slogans such as "knee needle,no calcification" or "non-surgical treatment with a miracle method" attract attention, but wrong treatment only causes a waste of time and money. In this stage, the level of the disease is important.Because the disappearance of cartilage and the emergence of disease symptoms are not something that happens suddenly. This is a process that takes years, and where you are in the process determines the treatment.
Is surgery a solution?
The basic surgical method is prosthetic surgery. With this surgery, the joint that does not have cartilage is replaced with a new joint.
What are the benefits of knee replacement?
This is an important and risky treatment, but it provides incredible comfort as well. The pain passes, joint alignment improves, the range of motion increases. Most importantly, walking becomes easier, becomes painless and walking distance increases, so the patient can further in daily life.
What is arthroscopy?
It is a closed surgery performed by entering the knee joint trough two 0.5 cm holes. The joint is filled with water, and other working tools are inserted in these small holes to see all problems in the joint clearly. The image taken from the camera is transferred to the television screen and provides clear visual and treatment opportunity for the surgeon.