|Average length of stay||Varies with each case|
|Length of stay in hospital||None|
|Operation duration||4-6 Months|
|Recovery duration||Six Weeks|
What are Dental Braces?
Dental braces are placed directly on teeth in order to strengthen and align them. Braces work by applying continous pressure over a period of time to slowly move teeth in a specific direction. As the teeth move, the bone changes shape as pressure is applied. Braces are used to achieve optimally aligned teeth and improve the relationship of how our teeth come together between the upper and lower jaws.
Your dentist will know what appliance is best for your particular problem. There are various types of braces available today. Choosing the right type depends on various considerations such as aesthetics, cost and allergy concerns.
Braces generally come in three varieties: The most popular type are brackets, metal, ceramic or plastic, that are bonded to teeth. Metal wired braces are the most common and traditional type of braces. They are fixed onto the teeth and secure a wire with elastic ties made out of rubber. Ceramic brackets are typically clear or tooth-colored and are far less noticeable than metal brackets. Lingual, or concealed, braces are brackets that attach to the back of teeth, hidden from view. Both types of braces use wires to move the teeth to the desired position.
A new alternative to traditional braces is a series of clear, customized, removable appliances called aligners. Aligners can only tilt and rotate teeth in their position.
Fixed braces usually need to be worn for 12 to 24 months, and in this time the orthodontist will need to adjust the braces every 4 to 8 weeks. For this reason, patients should be willing to travel many times.
Who needs to undergo Orthodontic treatment?
Dental braces correct teeth that are crowded, crooked, protruding, out of alignment or have irregular spacing. By moving the teeth into the ideal position, dental braces help to create a more attractive and healthier smile for both children and adults.
What Happens During Treatment?
Dental brace wires are made of materials that reposition the teeth and underlying roots more readily and with less discomfort than in the past. Titanium implants may be anchored in the bone on the side of the mouth or palate to help shift teeth back and allow for more room if necessary. With traditional metal fixed braces, an adhesive is first placed on the teeth and the brackets are then applied to the teeth individually. A wire is then fitted through the brackets and fixed into place.
The interconnecting wires of traditional braces are tightened at each visit, bearing mild pressure on the brackets or bands to shift teeth or jaws gradually into a desired position. Your teeth and jaws may feel slightly sore after each visit, but the discomfort is brief.
What To Expect After Treatment?
It is important that patients follow all instructions from their orthodontist. If patients stop wearing the braces early, teeth may move out of place again. It is important to maintain excellent oral hygiene while the braces are fitted as food can easily get stuck in the braces.
A retainer is a small, custom-fit removable appliance made of plastic and metal most often used after wearing dental braces to hold teeth in position. Upper retainers fit in the roof of the mouth and lower retainers can be removed or permanently fixed to lower teeth. Removable retainers also can be worn to close gaps or spaces between teeth, or to move a single tooth when full braces aren't necessary.
How Long Do You Keep Braces For?
That depends upon your treatment plan. The more complicated your spacing or bite problem is, and the older you are, the longer the period of treatment, usually. The standard treatment phase is between 12 months and 24 months. The duration of treatment varies based on age, the extensiveness of the procedure (some people require more work than others) and how closely the treatment plan is followed. Some orthodontic options, such as Six Month Smiles, provide teeth straightening of the front teeth only in approximately six months if certain criteria are met.
Why Are Braces Necessary?
When teeth are crooked and crowded, it's very difficult to keep them clean by brushing and flossing properly, which can lead to tooth decay, gum disease and possible tooth loss. An improper bite interferes with chewing and speaking, and causes abnormal wear on tooth enamel. If your teeth protrude and/or your upper and lower teeth don't come together comfortably (called malocclusion, or a bad bite), jaw problems also may arise.
What Is the Right Age To Have Braces?
Orthodontic treatment with dental braces should usually begin between the ages of eight and 14 in order to achieve the best results. It is ideal to have an orthodontic evaluation no later than the age of seven, since this is when there is a good mix of primary (baby) and adult teeth in the mouth. Dentists are better able to spot developing teeth and jaw growth at this time in a child's life, which enables them to anticipate problems that may arise and plan braces treatment accordingly.
Adults also can benefit from orthodontic treatment with dental braces to correct alignment, spacing, crowding and malocclusion problems. The process for moving teeth is basically the same at any age, but the treatment may take longer for adults because their facial bones are no longer growing, and certain corrections may not be possible utilizing braces alone. Tooth extraction or maxillofacial surgery may be required.
Are Braces Painful?
When dental braces are first placed and later adjusted, there may be some tightness, which typically progresses to soreness, for approximately four to six hours after the appointment. This soreness directly results from the dentist tightening the arch wires so the teeth continue to move into the correct position. Over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers are recommended to help relieve this pain. The soreness will decrease in about three to five days.